RFID ITEM-LEVEL QUANTITY AUDITING FOR APPAREL SUPPLIER DISTRIBUTION CENTERS
Actualizado: jul 9
Este documento del Laboratorio de RFID de la Universidad de Arkansas analiza el retorno sobre la inversión en operaciones de proveedores de ropa minorista. Gran parte de la investigación se centró en los Centros de Distribución y en cómo RFID ayuda a mantener un inventario preciso y efectuar despachos de acuerdo a lo solicitado. También se analizan los efectos de la precisión del inventario en las reclamaciones de los retailers y las operaciones de CD y se incluyen herramientas para efectuar el cálculo del Retorno sobre la Inversión dentro de sus propias operaciones.
Les compartimos un extracto:
During the early stages of RFID adoption (2003-2006), the focus was on the use of RFID on pallets and cases moving through distribution centers (DCs) to the retail stores. This emphasis shifted in 2006 to individual items (primarily apparel) at the store. During this second phase (2006-2009), the University of Arkansas conducted a series of studies examining the use of RFID for item-level retail. First, extensive lab experiments were conducted to prove the technology works. Second, a large panel of retailers was assembled to contribute potential use cases – i.e., business problems that could potentially be solved using RFID. Third, the set of use cases was narrowed down to a small set of common use cases (i.e., inventory accuracy, out of stocks, locating product, and loss prevention) which were examined in a controlled lab setting. Finally, a series of real-world (in field) studies were conducted to determine the true value of RFID in the stores. Overall, the pilots were very successful.
The majority of the retail pilot studies applied RFID tags at the retailer DC or the store level – a practice that, while useful to determine the value of RFID at the store, is not sustainable in the long run. For RFID to be successfully used and adopted, tagging must occur as far up the supply chain as possible – preferably at point of manufacture. Thus, in January 2010, the emphasis shifted to the suppliers. Following a process similar to the retail studies, a team of researchers led by the University of Arkansas, began a ‘supplier ROI’ initiative to evaluate the business value of RFID for suppliers. First, in 2010, many suppliers (primarily apparel) were consulted to determine the population of potential use cases for RFID in the entire supply chain – from point of manufacture to store shelf (Phase I of the studies). The end result was a paper published in January 2011 which identified 60 use cases (as discussed in Section 2). Phase II, the focus of this paper, examined the most important use cases in depth across a variety of suppliers. Site visits, questionnaires, and observation were primarily used to collect data. Accordingly, the purpose of Phase II, as reported herein, is to examine the most common and important use cases (i.e., in this case, primarily inventory accuracy), and report on the potential value to suppliers as they explore the use of item-level RFID.
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